The railway network is mainly operated by the Swiss Federal Railways (SBB CFF FFS), but Zürich is also served by major EuroCity trains from the neighbouring countries and is a destination for both French/Swiss (TGV Lyria) and German (ICE) high-speed trains, as well as by Austrian RailJet. Research revealed that infrastructure and the social environment are essential factors in improving a city's appeal to bicycle traffic. A sheepskin coat, a belt chain, a fancy wool dress, a scarf and a pendant made of glass and amber beads were also discovered with the woman. ... L'Eglise, visitable sur demande, est restée intacte, et constitute un des joyaux du canton de Zurich. It is composed of nine councilors, each presiding over a department. [30][unreliable source]. Germans make up the largest group with 33'579 living in the city, followed by Italians with 15'080 and Portuguese with 7'826. In December 2016, the Canton of Zurich submitted four 3rd-generation agglomeration programs for approval to the federal authorities. The Quaianlagen are an important milestone in the development of the modern city of Zürich, as the construction of the new lake front transformed Zürich from a small medieval town on the rivers Limmat and Sihl to an attractive modern city on the Zürichsee shore, under the guidance of the city engineer Arnold Bürkli. [58] Of these, German citizens make up the largest group with 8% (33,548), followed by Italians 3.5% (14,543). [34] In the federal election, a total of 110,760 voters were cast, and the voter turnout was 47.7%. However, these efforts cause critique, mainly due to postponing. Population – 84% des Suisses vivent dans un espace urbain La Suisse compte à ce jour 49 agglomérations. It has two stages staging mostly avantgarde works by European directors. Even so, standard English practice for German names is to either preserve the umlaut or replace it with the base letter followed by e (i.e. By far the most important sector in the economy of Zürich is the service industry, which employs nearly four-fifths of workers. Louis also founded the Fraumünster abbey in 853 for his daughter Hildegard. Zurich Zurich. This article is about the city in Switzerland. Third, cycling should be established as an everyday means of transport with a special focus on children and young people. The first certain testimony of banners with the same design is from 1434. The individual programs included “City of Zurich and the Glatt Valley,” “Winterthur and Surroundings,” “Zurich Highlands” and “Limmat Valley” (this latter program was submitted jointly with the Canton of Aargau). In the last ten years, this figure rose to more than 25%. l’agglomération évolue de manière inverse à la taille de l’agglomération : 55,1 % de la population réside au centre à Zurich, 57,8 % à Genève et 71,9 % à Lausanne. Bâle: agglomération nationale Contexte démographique Population résidante permanente 2015 537 051 Densité de la population, par km² 2015 771,8 Rapport de dépendance des jeunes 2015 30,2 Rapport de dépendance des personnes âgées 2015 33,4 Âge médian, en années 2015 44,49 Population résidante permanente étrangère , en % 2015 26,1 [35], In the 2015 federal election for the Swiss National Council the most popular party was the SPS which received 31.6% of the vote. Three of them belong to the ten most frequented railway stations in Switzerland: Stadelhofen, Oerlikon, Altstetten, Hardbrücke, and Enge. However, because of Zürich's national importance, and therefore its existing high fluctuation, one can hear all kinds of Swiss German dialects spoken by its inhabitants and commuters. Population permanente: 1 333 ... 4,2 % est recouvert par les voies de circulation, 7,1 % par l'agglomération et le restant est recouvert par les eaux. The areas surrounding the Limmat are almost completely developed with residential, industrial, and commercial zones. Zürich Marathon is a long distance running event, covering 42.195 kilometers (26.219 mi) at one stretch. By 2001 the event attracted one million participants. Zurich (German: Zürich, Zürich German: Züri) is the largest city in Switzerland, with a population of some 390,000 in the city proper and 1.2 million in the agglomeration area.Zurich is on Lake Zurich, where the lake flows into the River Limmat , in the north of Switzerland.. Italian follows behind at 7.1% of the population then French at 4.5%. 1980, 1990, 2000, 2010, 2019 census/estimate. [38] Decisive for the climate of Zürich are both the winds from westerly directions, which often result in precipitation and, on the other hand, the Bise (east or north-east wind), which is usually associated with high-pressure situations, but cooler weather phases with temperatures lower than the average. Zürich is the largest city in Switzerland with a population of over 428'700, an increase of 19'500 since year 2000. In November 2008[48] the people of Zürich voted in a public referendum to write into law the quantifiable and fixed deadline of one tonne of CO2 per person per annum by 2050. [92] The institution consists of two campuses, the main building in the heart of the city and the new campus on the outskirts of the city. La population de ces cantons décline en raison de migrations intercantonales défavorables, mais surtout en raison du faible nombre de naissances ne pouvant pas compenser l’augmentation du nombre de décès. Sources (en) ONU, septembre 2014, au sein de l'étude World Urbanization Prospects: The 2014 Revision Population Database.Voir aussi les Sources utilisées par l'ONU pour cette étude Population of Urban Agglomerations with 300,000 Inhabitants or More in 2014, by Country, 1950-2030 (thousands), consulté le 20 juillet 2015. The Limmat reaches the lowest point of the municipality in Oberengstringen at 392 m (1,286 ft) above sea level. [11] The city is home to many financial institutions and banking companies. situated in the core agglomeration of Zurich (2013). [citation needed], In 1893, the twelve outlying districts were incorporated into Zürich, including Aussersihl, the workman's quarter on the left bank of the Sihl, and additional land was reclaimed from Lake Zürich.[29]. Densité de la population : 145,6 habitants/km 2. The coat of arms is flanked by two lions. The Zürichsee-Schifffahrtsgesellschaft (commonly abbreviated to ZSG) operates passenger vessels on the Limmat and the Lake Zürich, connecting surrounding towns between Zürich and Rapperswil. Zurich (German: Zürich, Zürich German: Züri) is the largest city in Switzerland, with a population of some 390,000 in the city proper and 1.2 million in the agglomeration area.Zurich is on Lake Zurich, where the lake flows into the River Limmat , in the north of Switzerland.. [11] In the 2017 Global Financial Centres Index, Zürich was ranked as having the 11th most competitive financial center in the world, and second most competitive in Europe after London. In 2007 were inaugurated the new FIFA headquarters building, designed by architect Tilla Theus. Bern's 2020 population is now estimated at 429,734.In 1950, the population of Bern was 193,743.Bern has grown by 3,783 since 2015, which represents a 0.89% annual change. Bâle: agglomération nationale Population Population résidante permanente 2014 508 640 Densité de la population, par km² 2014 1 057,2 Rapport de dépendance des jeunes 2014 30,0 Rapport de dépendance des personnes âgées 2014 33,2 Âge médian, en années 2014 44,3 Migration Population résidante permanente étrangère, en % 2014 26,5 (estimation pour 2012) GÉOGRAPHIE. [31] As of May 2018[update], the Municipal Council consist of 43 members of the Social Democratic Party (SP), 21 The Liberals (FDP), 17 members of the Swiss People's Party (SVP), 16 Green Party (GPS), 14 Green Liberal Party (GLP), 10 Alternative List (AL), and four members of the Evangelical People's Party (EVP), giving the left parties an absolute majority of 69. During this festival the popular march known as the Sechseläutenmarsch is played. Zurich Airport is located less than 10 kilometers (6.2 mi) northeast of the city in Kloten. It is made up of 125 members (Gemeindrat / Gemeinderätin), with elections held every four years. [27] In this time the political system of Zürich was an oligarchy (Patriziat): the dominant families of the city were the following ones: Bonstetten, Brun, Bürkli, Escher vom Glas, Escher vom Luchs, Hirzel, Jori (or von Jori), Kilchsperger, Landenberg, Manesse, Meiss, Meyer von Knonau, Mülner, von Orelli. Zwingli died for political and religious reasons by defending the Canton of Zürich in the Battle of Kappel. As many as 30 clubs and 7 indoor curling facilities can be found in the greater Zürich area. The enormous immigration from the country districts into the town from the 1830s onwards created an industrial class which, though "settled" in the town, did not possess the privileges of burghership, and consequently had no share in the municipal government. It is also served by one cargo airline and is a hub for Swiss International Air Lines. Definition: 2012. Population Zürich is the largest city in Switzerland with a population of over 428'700, an increase of 19'500 since year 2000. Among the most popular sports in Switzerland is ice hockey. [12] In 2019 Zürich was ranked among the ten most liveable cities in the world by Mercer together with Geneva and Basel.[13]. The first edition was held in 1992 with about 1,000 participants. The next four most popular parties were the GPS (20.9%, +9.7), GLP (15.7%, +6.4), SVP (13.7%, -4.3), the FDP (11.8%, -2.2), the AL (4%, new), and the CVP (3.5%, -0.2). Besides the three main daily newspapers, there is a free daily commuter newspaper which is widely distributed: 20 Minuten (20 minutes), published weekdays in the mornings. The Lindenhof in the old town is the historical site of the Roman castle, and the later Carolingian Imperial Palace. There is also an airfield in Dübendorf. An empirical analysis of the data for the agglomeration of Zurich in 2000 supports the transferability of Florida’s approach to the subregional level. [56], There are 420,217 people living in Zürich (as of 31 December 2019),[57] making it Switzerland's largest city. The European Metropolitan Region of Zurich (EMRZ), also Greater Zurich Area (GZA, German Zürcher Wirtschaftsraum, Metropolregion Zürich), the metropolitan area surrounding Zurich, is one of Europe’s economically strongest areas and Switzerland’s economic centre. The Offene Rennbahn otherwise known as the Oerlikon Velodrome deserves a special visit on any Tuesday evening in the summer, for cyclists there are chances to see time trial champions or local Swiss national cyclists challenging other amateurs in a variety of races including Madison or Keirin events. During the months April until September the sun shines between 150 and 215 hours per month. The municipal building regulations (Article 9)[77] limit the construction of high-rise buildings to areas in the west and north of the city. In 1996, an electronic trading platform replaced the open outcry trading system at the stock exchanges of Geneva (founded in 1850), Basel (1866), and Zürich (1873). The canton of Zurich has a leading role in urban development while its population grew by over 200,000 between 2005 and 2015. Dramatically increasing, according to the last census in 2000, 8.8% now speak English. These are the NZZ am Sonntag, SonntagsZeitung and SonntagsBlick. About 60,000 people study at the 20 universities, colleges and institutions of higher education in Zürich.[when? ... L'Eglise, visitable sur demande, est restée intacte, et constitute un des joyaux du canton de Zurich. Located in Zürich, the Swiss Stock Exchange was established in 1877 and is nowadays the fourth most prominent stock exchange in the world. Ist der Masterplan Velo bereits gescheitert? The population density is comparatively low, at 2800 per square mile/1075 per square kilometer. The City Council (Stadtrat) constitutes the executive government of the City of Zürich and operates as a collegiate authority. Archaeologists revealed that she was approximately 40 years old when she died and likely carried out little physical labor when she was alive. Most of Zürich's sites are located within the area on either side of the Limmat, between the Main railway station and Lake Zürich. [88], Zürich benefits from the high level of investment in education which is typical of Switzerland in general and provides skilled labour at all levels. From the 9th century onward, the name is established in an Old High German form Zuri(c)h (857 in villa Zurih, 924 in Zurich curtem, 1416 Zürich Stadt). The blue and white coat of arms of Zürich is attested from 1389 and was derived from banners with blue and white stripes in use since 1315. Understand [] Zurich is the largest city of the Swiss Confederation (Switzerland) by land area and population. Both Zurich Airport and railway stationare the largest and busiest i… Zwingli started the Swiss Reformation at the time when he was the main preacher in the 1520s, at the Grossmünster. [87], The Swiss stock exchange is called SIX Swiss Exchange, formerly known as SWX. In this context, the term 'German' is used as an umbrella term for any variety of German. The Roman castle remained standing until the 7th century. The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) is headquartered in the city. Zürich was temporarily expelled from the confederacy in 1440 due to a war with the other member states over the territory of Toggenburg (the Old Zürich War). Les communes de la couronne groupent quant à elles 253 400 habitants, soit 30,9 % de la population de l’agglo-mération. Association football is an essential aspect of sports in Zürich. Tickets purchased for a trip are valid on all means of public transportation (train, tram, bus, boat). Zürich is home to several international sport federations. The next four most popular parties were the SVP (18%), the FDP (14%), the GPS (10.7%), the GLP (9.2%). About 415,000 people live in the city of Zurich (2016), which makes it the largest city of Switzerland. Zurich is the largest city in Switzerland and the capital of the canton of Zürich. Map of the Urban Sprawl in MDA, FUA and MUA The 1,134 millimetres (44.6 in) rainfall spread on 133.9 days with precipitation throughout the year. [citation needed]. Professional training incorporates a mix of practical work experience and academic study while, in general, emphasis is placed on obtaining a good level of general education and language ability. 1,4 million people live in Zürich agglomeration. Zürich is host city of the Street Parade, which takes place in August every year (see above). Additional measures such as special Velostationen providing bike related services are expected to help to further improve the quality. Some 122 hotel companies with 15'800 beds at their disposal provide 3,4 million overnight stays every year, while Zürich airport looks after around 20 million passengers. Since it started on 12 August 1928, the sporting event has witnessed new world records and national records. The so-called "Masterplan Velo"[51] is part of the superordinate framework Stadtverkehr 2025 which shapes the future of the different means of transport. The consulting firm Mercer has[when?] It consists of decorated sculptures distributed over the city centre, in public places. Geneva's 2020 population is now estimated at 613,373.In 1950, the population of Geneva was 193,850.Geneva has grown by 6,937 since 2015, which represents a 1.14% annual change. The Sihl meets with the Limmat at the end of Platzspitz, which borders the Swiss National Museum. There are on average 30 so-called summer days (maximum temperature equal to or above 25 °C [77 °F]) throughout the year, while so-called heat days (with maximum temperature equal to or above 30 °C [86 °F]) are 5.8 days. for many years ranked Zürich as a city with the highest quality of life in the world. [95], The Zurich Film Festival is an international film festival, lasting 11 days and featuring popular international productions. [49] The ZVV network of public transport contains at least four means of mass-transit: any train that stops within the network's borders, in particular the S-Bahn (local trains), Zürich trams, and buses (both diesel and electric, also called trolley buses) and boats on the lake and river. The geographic (and historic) centre of the city is the Lindenhof, a small natural hill on the west bank of the Limmat, about 700 m (2,300 ft) north of where the river issues from Lake Zürich. The sunny and desirable residential areas in the hills overlooking Zürich, Waidberg and Zürichberg, and the bottom part of the slope on the western side of the valley on the Uetliberg, are also densely built. Schauspielhaus Zürich is considered to be one of the most important theatres in the German-speaking world.[10]. Any resident of Zürich allowed to vote can be elected as a member of the Municipal Council. Zurich Airport has its own railway station, which is located underground. The present building of the Hauptbahnhof (the main railway station) dates to 1871. en allemand Zürich. [78] At this time in Zürich about a dozen high-rise buildings were under construction or in planning, including the Prime Tower as the tallest skyscraper in Switzerland. Both universities were listed in the top 50 world universities rated in 2007.[91]. The city is called Zurich [zyʁik] in French, Zurigo [dzuˈriːɡo] in Italian, and Turitg [tuˈritɕ] (listen) in Romansh. This artificial watercourse has been used for the construction of the third fortress in the 17th and 18th centuries. The Old Town stretches on both sides of the Limmat, which flows from the lake, running northwards at first and then gradually turning into a curve to the west. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects.These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Geneva, which typically includes Geneva's population … Neither side had attained significant victory when peace was agreed upon in 1446, and Zürich was readmitted to the confederation in 1450.[27]. The SIX Swiss Exchange is the head group of several different worldwide operative financial systems: Eurex, Eurex US, EXFEED, STOXX, and virt-x. [96], One of the largest and most popular annual events in Zürich is the Street Parade, which is also one of the largest techno and dance music festivals in the world. [53] Apart from infrastructural measures, further approaches are planned in the fields of communication, education and administration. The water table of Lake Zürich is 405.94 metres above sea-level. Densité de la population : 145,6 habitants/km 2. In Zürich it is represented by the ZSC Lions. The municipality (ville de Genève) has a population (as of December 2019) of 203,951, and the canton (essentially the city and its inner-ring suburbs) has 504,128 residents.In 2014, the compact agglomération du Grand Genève had 946,000 inhabitants in 212 communities in both Switzerland and France. Sources (en) ONU, septembre 2014, au sein de l'étude World Urbanization Prospects: The 2014 Revision Population Database.Voir aussi les Sources utilisées par l'ONU pour cette étude Population of Urban Agglomerations with 300,000 Inhabitants or More in 2014, by Country, 1950-2030 (thousands), consulté le 20 juillet 2015. The Schauspielhaus Zürich is the main theatre complex of the city. The Carolingian castle was used as a quarry, as it had started to fall into ruin.[20]. It comprises the area that can be reached within a roughly 80-minute drive from Zurich Airport. In the mandate period 2018–2022 (Legislatur) the City Council is presided by mayor Corine Mauch. Many large Swiss media conglomerates are headquartered in Zürich, such as tamedia, Ringier and the NZZ-Verlag. Zürich Marathon is a popular sport event, inviting numerous athletes from every corner of the globe. the third most expensive city in the world, behind Hong Kong and Tokyo and ahead of Singapore. He lived there from 1484 until his death in 1531. In addition, Zürich is the world's largest gold trading centre. Bâle: agglomération nationale Contexte démographique Population résidante permanente 2017 545 326 Densité de la population, par km² 2017 783,6 Rapport de dépendance des jeunes 2017 30,4 Rapport de dépendance des personnes âgées 2017 33,9 Âge médian, en années 2017 44,6 Population résidante permanente étrangère , en % 2017 27,1 From the platform of the observation tower on the summit, an impressive panorama of the city, the lake, and the Alps can be seen. There are three large daily newspapers published in Zürich that are known across Switzerland. In Zürich German, the local dialect of Swiss German, the name is pronounced without the final consonant, as Züri [ˈtsyri], although the adjective remains Zürcher(in) [ˈtsyrxər(ɪn)]. [105], Weltklasse Zürich, sometimes referred to as the one-day Olympics,[106] is a one-day athletics meet held annually at the Letzigrund Stadium. The Uetliberg is, with 869 m (2,851 ft) above sea level, the highest elevation of the surrounding area. As of early 2020, Zürich HB served around 470,000 passengers and nearly 3,000 trains every day. Any resident of Zurich allowed to vote can be elected as a member of the City Council. One of the key projects of the system is a tunnel beneath the tracks of the main railway station planned to combine a main connection with staffed possibilities where commuters can leave their bikes throughout the day. In 1839, the city had to yield to the demands of its urban subjects, following the Züriputsch of 6 September. The official language of Zürich is German,[a] but the main spoken language is the local variant of the Alemannic Swiss German dialect, Zürich German. [18] After Emperor Constantine's reforms in AD 318, the border between Gaul and Italy (two of the four praetorian prefectures of the Roman Empire) was located east of Turicum, crossing the river Linth between Lake Walen and Lake Zürich, where a castle and garrison looked over Turicum's safety. Since then, both large Swiss churches, the Roman Catholic Church and Swiss Reformed Church, have been constantly losing members, though for the Catholic Church, the decrease started 20 years later, in around 1990. [16] In the early modern period, the name became associated with the name of the Tigurini, and the name Tigurum rather than the historical Turicum is sometimes encountered in Modern Latin contexts. The production facilities for other commercial stations "Star TV", "u1" TV and "3+" are located in Schlieren. Zurich est ainsi le sixième centre bancaire et financier mondial, derrière Londres, New York, Hong Kong, Singapour et Tokyo. The building was built in 1883 in Renaissance style. 1980, 1990, 2000, 2010, 2019 census/estimate. Zürich is also one of the co-location centres of the Knowledge and Innovation Community (Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation) of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology.